Fat Soluble Vs Water Soluble Drugs

Fat Soluble Vs Water Soluble Drugs 1

Vitamins are classified as either fat soluble (vitamins A, D, E and K) or water soluble (vitamins B and C). In almost all cases, drugs must also have a certain degree of lipid solubility to move around (leave and enter capillaries, enter and leave cells). Water soluble vehicle mixes with tissue fluid for rapid absorption. The slope of the natural log plot of the drug concentration versus time profile (Figure 7). Pharmacokinetics comprises drug absorption, distribution and elimination. Lindley CM, Tully MP, Paramsothy V, Tallis RC.

Vitamins are classified into two groups: water-soluble and fat-soluble. If you consume more of a water-soluble vitamin than you need, the excess will be excreted, not stored. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates vitamin supplements and provides recommended daily amount information. Water soluble drugs will reside in the blood, and fat soluble drugs will reside in cell membranes, adipose tissue and other fat-rich areas. V.Disease States:Distribution characteristics of several drugs arealtered in disease states. These drugs can be either fat or water soluble, denoting the substance in which they dissolve. This basic difference can make an impact on the effects these drugs have.

And you should know the difference between fat soluble and water soluble statins. Fat soluble statins are much more likely to be involved in drug interactions, and they can induce insulin resistance and possibly cause diabetes. For a lipid-soluble drug (e.g. fentanyl) a litre of fat will hold many times more drug than a litre of blood, and thus its V d ss (4 litre kg 1) will be much greater than the total body volume. (t ); this will result from a high (Cl) or a small volume of distribution (V d ss). In order for the kidneys to handle lipid-soluble drugs, they need to be metabolized into a polar, water-soluble form. Increased Vd of lipid soluble drugs – dose lipid soluble drugs on actual body weight (remifentanil is an exception, although lipophilic Vd does not change use IBW or LBW).

What Is The Difference Between Fat-soluble & Water-soluble Vitamins?

Read More

Fat Flush Lemon Water Recipe

Top fat flush lemon drink recipes and other great tasting recipes with a healthy slant from SparkRecipes. This is a much nicer, summery version of water.. for when drinking water by itself gets a little dull. Achieve all of your fitness goals with the help of these healthy drink recipes. Mix it up as much as you want, lime, lemon, grapefruit, mint, cucumber, tangerines are tough as they are rarely in season. But how exactly does water flush fat out of your system? July 21, 2014 at 5:06 am What could pass as alternatives to tangerine? I don’t think it’s readily available from where I live will lemon or calamansi work?

Dr. Oz’s Fat Flush Water as Seen on The Biggest Loser. Save Recipe. Print. I often put cucumbers, lemon and mint into my water anyways because it’s tasty!. Try making several combinations of flavors with healthy fruits and herbs to always have some fat flushing water available. Lemons, apples, pears, berries, cherries and limes are all noteworthy ingredients with fat fighting properties. Included: Watermelon/cucumber, lemon/lime, mint leaves, and water. Bile is produced by the liver and ends up in the small intestine to break down lipids (fats) that we’ve consumed. If this is a one time thing, you should probably drink 2, 8 ounce glasses of one of these recipes a day for 3-5 days to completely detox you’re system.

Even though this lemon water detox recipe has only two ingredients, lemons and mint, the sweetness and sour from the lemons create a delicious flavor while also providing lots of Vitamin C and the mint adds a refreshing taste. Other reasons include: fills you up, flushes your system, and naturally helps your body release fat cells. RECIPES Detox Desserts. Grapefruit and Apple Cider Vinegar Fat Flush Water. Lemon Berry Fat Flush is perfect for the summer to keep you hydrated and to flush out those bad toxins in your body. 30 Peanut Butter Recipes That Will Complete Your LifeDivine Caroline.

Dr. Oz Fat Flush Water Recipe

Fat flush vitamin water made with grapefruit, parsley, lemon and cucumber. Fat Flush Water makes cellulite do a vanishing act – get the recipe that helps flush fat, balance blood sugar and keep your liver and lymph in cleansing mode!. I have suggested to my 25 year old daughter that she drink the Long Life Cocktail and warm lemon water each day. This drink, if prepared as shown below, will help flush out your system if you drink it throughout the day. This recipe makes 2 quarts, so adjust as you would like to make the amount of water you want. P.S I tried Fat Flush Detox water Lemon, mint, cucumber and ginger. If you haven’t noticed I post a lot of flush fat detox waters, because they work. I am constantly thinking of new recipes to create. After you juice the watermelon, strawberries and peeled lemon, pour everything in a large mason jar and top it off with about 1 cup of purified water.

Read More

Are Water Pills Good For Weight Loss

Water pills claim to cut your physique, tone your muscle and shape your body simply by swallowing an easily-available, non-prescription pill daily. Have you been considering adding water pills to your dieting and exercising for added weight loss? Why the Amish were right about weight loss in men. Can natural diuretics reduce fluid retention and help with weight loss? If you’re concerned about fluid retention related to menstruation, again you’re better off making some simple lifestyle changes, such as cutting back on the salt in your diet. So just out of curiosity I know some people take water pills to help their body lose excess water weight. My wife had a strange reaction to.

Green tea and other herbal teas are also good drink choices. As for the foods you eat, fruits and vegetables are great choices. Many women will take water pills as a fast way to lose water weight. These can be bought over the counter at most drug stores (found in the diet aisle). When it comes to weight loss, many people turn to diuretics, or water pills, for quick results. Myth: Water pills are a good option for permanent weight loss. Communities Weight Loss Alternatives b12 shots and phentermine with water pills to loose weight.what da ya. When you are feeling better, you do more; lose weight. You might lose, might not, but that won’t kill you.

3fatchicks On A Diet! Diet & Weight Loss Support

Read More

Fat Soluble Water

Fat Soluble Water 1

On the other hand, because of this storage they have a lower toxicity line than the water-solubles. Before you consider using fat-solubles as a supplement, I would like to remind you that water-solubles are needed for the proper absorption of dietary fat and thus for the intake and use of fat-solubles. Vitamin B-12 is a water-soluble vitamin. Water-soluble vitamins are easily dissolved in water, and unlike fat-soluble vitamins, are not generally stored in the body. Liver is a rich source of water-soluble vitamin B12. Depending on the substance they require for absorption and transport, vitamins are classified as either water-soluble or fat-soluble.

To determine the concentrations of fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins in the maternal milk of Japanese women, we collected human milk samples from more than 4,000 mothers living throughout Japan between December 1998 and September 1999, and defined as group A the 691 samples among these that met the following conditions: breast milk of mothers who were under 40 y of age, who did not smoke habitually and/or use vitamin supplements, and whose babies showed no symptoms of atopy and had birth weights of 2. Vitamins are classified as either water-soluble or fat-soluble. In humans there are 13 vitamins: 4 fat-soluble (A, D, E, and K) and 9 water-soluble (8 B vitamins and vitamin C).

Fat-soluble And Water-soluble Vitamin Contents Of Breast Milk From Japanese Women

Read More

Carbonated Water Vs. Diet Coke

So the fruit 2o and other diet sparkling waters still have the artificial sweeteners which makes them bad. They might be a wee bit better than soda if they do not have the phosphoric acid in it like soda. Gradual changes vs cold turkey. From carbonated and mineral water to club soda and tonic water, it’s hard to know which type of fizzy waters are good for you and which should be avoided. Mineral and seltzer water are often flavored; double-check the nutrition label to ensure that the flavors do not add sugar or calories to your diet. A study published in 2002 in the European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology compared the effect of plain versus carbonated mineral water on dyspepsia, constipation and overall digestive function. The effervescent nature of sparkling water makes for a refreshing beverage and a healthier alternative to sugary soda. Carbonated water — also known as sparkling water, seltzer water or soda water — is simply plain water that’s been infused with carbon dioxide. Water vs.

With the rise of home soda makers, many of us are drinking more of the bubbly and less of the still. Some days, I drink far more carbonated water than I do the regular kind. I know it is not as good as plain water because there are small amounts of sodium in it but not as bad as diet soda with a million chemicals. And it’s not just sugary drinks – diet versions, even sparkling water, can have an effect on health, as ANGELA EPSTEIN reports. People who drink the equivalent of two cans of full-sugar cola daily may age more quickly than people who never drink it, say U. Georgia Kousoulou puts on a very busty display in a plunging v-neck as she steps out to film in Lockie’s Kitchen with TOWIE’s Chloe Sims and Pete Wicks.

Tonic water, club soda, and mineral water are all types of carbonated water, but these have added sodium, vitamins, or sweeteners, so it’s important to read the label. Kristen enjoys spending time with her family, friend. View Profile. Diet drinks vs. water. A new study looks at weight gain and belly fat in diet soda drinkers. When they think they’re doing something good by drinking artificially sweetened beverages, it’s actually totally counterproductive.

Is Sparkling Water As Healthy As Regular Water?

Carbonated water (also known as club soda, soda water, sparkling water, seltzer water, or fizzy water) is water into which carbon dioxide gas under pressure has been dissolved. 1 Some carbonated waters have added sodium, so they may be an issue for those on low-sodium diets. There are few things more refreshing than a glass of sparkling water with a splash of cranberry or a squeeze of fresh lime. For example, Schweppes Club Soda contains sodium bicarbonate (for ze bubbles! And if you’re worried about any of the beverages’ sodium content, don’t be?it’s generally pretty minimal compared to other foods and beverages. I do know that health benefits or problems aside, we all should be drinking more water. And no diet soda is not a replacement for water.

Read More

Drinking Water Flushes Fat Out Of Your System

Water is essential in filtering waste products and toxins from your body. MORE RECIPES: Four Delicious Flush The Fat Away Drinks. Wondering if you can re use the fruit afer you have drank all of the water or is it a must that you change it out? Flat belly drink: 2 lemons, 1/2 cucumber, 10-12 mint leaves, and 3qts water fuse overnight to create a natural detox, helping to flush impurities out of your system! Water suppresses the appetite naturally and helps the body metabolize fat. Again, adequate water helps flush out waste. If you stop drinking enough water, your body fluids will be thrown out of balance again, and you may experience unexplained weight gain and loss of thirst.

Drinking water may be the true magic potion for permanent weight loss. As a result, it metabolizes less fat. More fat remains stored in the body and weight loss stops! Again water helps flush out this waste! Essential fat is what your body requires to promote healthy cholesterol, reproductive processes, keeps you energized and supports immune function. What isn’t being used as energy in the body is simply left inside for water to flush out. Drinking plain water is a good option, but it isn’t necessarily the best when it comes to burning fat. By adding these foods to your meals, you’ll help your body blast fat so you can shed stubborn pounds. Add chia seeds, a slice of lemon and a dash of agave to distilled water. Dr Oz: Are Your Hormones Out of Whack? Dr. Oz distills the latest news on drinking.

To cleanse your system drink three 8 ounce glasses before every meal to flush fat. Dr. Oz’s Fat Flush Water as Seen on The Biggest Loser. Is fat really flushed out of your system during urination? A states in my copy of DANDR that drinking plenty of water flushes out the byproducts of burning fat which are ketones. Drinking water all by itself is a way to help flush the body of toxins on a daily basis, but with a few simple ingredients you can transform water into detox water and get even more benefit from it. Many detox programs include cucumbers on them for this very reason, and adding them to your water pulls out their minerals so you’re getting an added benefit. P.S I tried Fat Flush Detox water Lemon, mint, cucumber and ginger.

How Drinking 8 Glasses Of Water A Day Helps Fight Weight Gain!

However, infusing your water is giving you almost none of the benefits of simply eating these foods, and quite honestly, isn t flushing the fat. Even if you re not following a specific diet or trying to lost weight, you can sip this tart and refreshing beverage daily to help flush out water weight, balance blood sugar, improve cellulite and keep your liver and lymph in optimum cleansing mode. 20 Delicious Detox Waters to Cleanse Your Body and Burn Fat. Whether you’re trying to lose weight or you simply want to look and feel healthier, one of the best ways to rid your body of harmful toxins is to drink water. This recipe gives you a detox water that flushes out nasty toxins and really does help you to drop a few pounds, too. My favorite thing to drink in the summer is water with cucumber, mint, and lime, because it’s delicious and refreshing. You can’t flush fat out of your body. it’s your body’s energy store, like an extra fuel tank. Recent celebrities have introduced a special spin on drinking water, with water flushes. The idea is to drink 8 ounces of water before each meal (at least 3 times a day). Water-soluble toxins are easily flushed out of the body via the blood and kidneys, but the fat-soluble toxins are a challenge for the body to remove. Not primarily for weight loss, but because fat metabolism is the body’s detox fuel and it is critical that we flush these fat cells in order to turn over and remove toxins. This is not only important for ridding your body of roaming fat cells, but also for removing the toxins that have embedded themselves within these deposits. If you can consume water at room temperature it will enable you to drink more without constantly shocking your system into warming it. Detoxify your liver and flush toxins out by drinking at least 2 quarts of water every day. These fruits have organic acids that lower sugar blood levels, and will help you to burn fat, decreasing your chances of fatty liver diseases. But how exactly does water flush fat out of your system? It is important to drink enough water each day to keep you hydrated and facilitate the breakdown and elimination of fat cells. But how does water flush fat out of your system? Clearly, water is not some kind of magic potion or diet supplement. It is important to drink enough water each day to keep you hydrated and facilitate the breakdown and elimination of fat cells.

Read More

Celery And Lemon Water Diet

Celery And Lemon Water Diet 1

Celery is a vegetable that boasts several health benefits and numerous uses in the kitchen. (16 calories per 100 grams) which makes it commonly recommended for diets. Make this powerful drink for liver cleaning and get rid of extra weight without too much effort. Put in blender the lemon juice, parsley and celery and mix it, then add water and mix again. The water and celery diet is a drastic weight loss diet in which your body essentially starves itself.

When you think diet foods, you likely picture celery. Despite not having any calories itself, fiber absorbs water to help fill your stomach, and fiber-rich foods tend to require more chewing, so you slow down and savor your meal instead of chowing down quickly and accidentally eating too much. Adding lemon to your water doesn’t just make it taste better, it can help you if you have high blood pressure, and is often one of the first foods recommended to those suffering from certain medical conditions. Celery contains plenty of water, and will therefore get you to go more often. I have seen on Dr OZ show that there is even a 3 day weekend detox diet, for which you have to drink 5 juices a day and eat one meal that has only fruit and vegetables.

7 health benefits of celery juice for inflammation, cardiovascular health, cancer protection, kidney detoxifying, better skin and more. The Many Health Benefits of Lemon Water 261 comments. Inflammatory diseases like arthritis, osteoporosis, gout and even asthma can respond very well to regular celery juice in your diet. I have a hard time eating cherries any other way than just plain, most of the time. Here you will find the 7 best juice diet recipes for weight loss. Pour the juice in a glass and add a little lemon juice to get a tangy taste. This celery and beet juice will help your body get rid of toxins and wastes, thus acting as a great cleanser. Since watermelon is so rich in water content, it makes this drink a great source of water, if you do not drink enough of it through the day.

How To Eat Celery & Lose Weight

Cool Cucumber juice with apple, ginger, celery and lemon is beauty tonic in a glass. Since cucumbers are 96 water they make the perfect juice veggie. This would be helpful for those who are trying to lose weight, whilst eating healthy. Cucumbers contain a lot of water and are a cooling food. Cucumbers are rich in antioxidants, vitamins A, C, and folic acid. Foods that are claimed to be negative in calories are mostly low-calorie fruits and vegetables such as celery, grapefruit, lemon, lime, apple, lettuce, broccoli, and cabbage. Foods that are claimed to be negative in calories are mostly low-calorie fruits and vegetables such as celery, grapefruit, lemon, lime, apple, lettuce, broccoli, and cabbage. A healthy diet for weight loss is incomplete without natural fruit and vegetable juices. A combination of celery with juicy cucumber and delicious apples helps in enhancing its effectiveness for weight loss even further. Blend celery stalks, parsley, lemon, and water in a high speed blender. If you are ready for a weight loss detox diet that works, tastes great, and involves eating delicious foods and no starvation then this is the weight loss detox for you. Beyond water weight, parsley aids in balancing blood sugar, helping with long-term weight balance. Eating parsley can reduce the risk of cancers such as breast, digestive tract, skin and prostate. The parsley, cucumber and celery all work as a diuretic. 3 tbsp lemon juice 1 apple, chopped 1 celery stick tsp ginger powder 2 cups spring water. And some experts say adding lemon to your water may help smooth out your skin!. Sulfur-rich foods such as green and black olives, cucumbers and celery also boost collagen production, as do vegetables rich in vitamin A, like raw carrots, cantaloupe and sweet potatoes. Luckily, these 7 simple changes to your diet can help you. Replace these drinks with pure or lemon water and herbal teas.

Read More

Difference Between Water Weight And Fat Loss

Difference Between Water Weight And Fat Loss 1

Sudden shifts in weight are often due to water weight rather than fat. The rest of your weight is split between varying amounts of muscle and fat. Changes in your weight can be because of gains or losses of water, muscle or fat. Being able to tell the difference can help you better deal with any body-weight changes you may experience. How to Lose Weight and Not Gain Muscle. There is a big difference between losing weight and losing fat. Your goal should never be to lose weight, but instead should always be to lose fat. If you lose weight because you’re dehydrated, you’ve only lost water, and those pounds will come right back. People lose water weight first when dieting, hence the rapid drop in weight in the first couple of days. People might look ‘leaner’ but thats because YOU cant tell what the difference between water retention and fat loss looks like.

QUESTION: I’m trying to lose fat, but I seem to have reached a weight loss plateau. Sounds like water retention and/or glycogen, not muscle. What’s the Difference Between Fat loss and Weight loss? A weird way of looking at it might be that the fat loss suddenly becomes ‘apparent’. Recently, one paper did suggest that visceral fat can fill up with water after massive weight loss but that’s about it. I lost inches and noticed my marbles disappearing and squishy fat becoming flat during the break between RFL cycles; the layoff while adjusting to the new job and even more rapidly now that I am back at the gym.

If you want to know how water retention can prevent weight loss and even make you look fatter (and what to do about it), you want to read this article. According to the Institute of Medicine, you want somewhere between 1.5-2.3 grams of sodium per day, and double at in potassium. When my period ends I should see a difference on the scale. However, pound for pound, muscle and fat weigh the same and when tracking progress of a fitness program, it is very important to look at all markers of improvement, and not just the numbers on the scale. One pound of muscle will burn slightly more calories at rest than one pound of fat tissue at rest. Water balance and weight fluctuations.

Weight Loss Plateau Myth: Muscle Weighs More Than Fat?

Read More

Diet Tonic Water Nutrition

Diet Tonic Water Nutrition 1

Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Also unlike the other waters, Tonic contains calories — about 130 for 12 fluid ounces.

Tonic Water

Read More

Does Water Retention Affect Body Fat Percentage

Does Water Retention Affect Body Fat Percentage 1

The scales used to measure your body-fat percentage send a harmless electric signal through your body to measure the ratio of fat to lean mass. What Does Lean Body Weight Include? While your weight generally fluctuates from day to day, changes in water balance are the primary reason for fluctuating body-fat percentages, as scales rely heavily on your body’s water content and distribution. Sweating, taking baths and the amount of water you drink within a few hours of measuring your body fat are factors that affect your reading for the day. Yes dehydration greatly affects the electrical body fat percentage tests. Finally, if she was using calipers it has nothing to do with your hydration level. Thats because body-fat percentage is calculated by determining body composition, typically using a bioelectrical imp. I’ve heard it might affect my results. Fatty tissue, which is about 10 to 20 percent water, slows the signal.

Woman have more body fat than men–about five percent more. Women experience more changes in hydration levels than men because of their menstrual cycle, and this can affect body fat measuring, particularly using the BIA method. Retaining fluid may also cause weight to fluctuate day-to-day during this period causing additional variation in the body fat percentage. Hormonal changes due to pregnancy or menopause may also cause water retention and variations in measuring. The scale will then calculate your body fat percentage and weight. If your scale does not have this functionality, its user manual should have this information for you to reference and determine which category you fall into. The biggest factor that can affect your body fat reading is the water content in your body. Also, any blood circulation changes, such as after a shower or exercising, can also affect your body fat reading. My weight was spot on, BMI correct, and my body fat percentage matched the reading I had confirmed by a personal trainer at my local health club.

Water affects your body fat scale reading. Why does my body fat percent () fluctuate so much? How do body fat scales work? Stephanie’s approach to weight loss emphasizes making small, realistic, and permanent lifestyle changes. How does hydration affect the output on a body fat scale? Sure enough, I find that my weight is most consistent in the morning, while my body fat is most consistent in the evening. Does this mean body fat testing is useless for individuals? This means, to accurately detect a decrease in body fat in most people, the body fat percentage needs to drop by a minimum of 4-5. The underwater weight is not affected by my state of hydration (because that water is neutrally buoyant), and I can guzzle a couple of pounds of water and repeat the test getting the same value for my underwater weight.


Fat-free mass contains mostly water, while fat contains very little water. As I mentioned in the article on hydrostatic weighing, the density and hydration of fat-free mass can change with weight loss. In fact, BIA doesn’t do much better than BMI at predicting body fat in some cases. Yes; depending on your method of tracking body fat and lean body mass. Since water is a conductor of electricity, the resistance the electrical signal experiences while traveling through the body will help determine what percentage of your body is fat. The most important factor when calculating body fat percentage is consistency. Q Does a normal body mass index (BMI) mean that I am healthy? How much do you weigh, and why? How fat affects Your Overall Weight. Reducing body fat and building muscle is associated with numerous benefits such as greater strength, reduced likelihood of injury, and higher metabolism. Know where you stand with your weight The average person grows up thinking about their weight, without taking into account their body fat percentage. Because BIA can be affected by body hydration, many professionals may use this method as a means of tracking the hydration status of their patients. It tells you your weight, total body water, body fat levels and a ton of other information. Levels of total body water can also be affected by the type of training you do. The ratio of these two measurements to height gives a fat percentage estimate. Cold environment, dehydration, no recent exercise will mean less blood flow / constricted vessels measured as more impedance and a therefore a higher body fat. Hormonal changes affect fluid retention. Withings BF (Body Fat Percentage) measures how inductive your body is. Total Body Water (TBW), and from that your Lean and Fat masses / percentage. To do so, we scanned BodySpec’s intrepid co-founder Jason. That’s right it takes 16 cups of water to affect your body fat percentage by 1. 5 lbs from water retention which is similar to your drinking a gallon of water. Body fat will be the one to tell you how to do with it. Salt and carbohydrate intake can affect the body’s water retention. However, when I took a body fat test online, it says I have body fat of 38 and I am obese. As with BMI, they do not take into account body composition. According to the American Council on Exercise (ACE), healthy female athletes body fat percentage range from 14-20, fit women 21-24, average women are 25-31, and greater than 32 body fat is considered obese. Underwater weighing (also known as hydrostatic weighing) – This was considered the gold standard before DXA scanning and is based on the determination of body density by measuring the weight of the body outside the water, the weight of the body under water after exhaling completely, and the density of the water. You’ll find that your hydration levels can seriously affect the outcome, as well as whether you skin is dry or wet. Being bloated with lots of water weight or stepping on the scale after your morning shower skews the results toward lean mass. Do body fat scales get more accurate with price, and if so, how exactly? There are several ways to determine your body fat percent. Unfortunately, these studies do not accurately represent a cross-section of the entire American population. By using the impedance measurements along with a person’s height and weight, and body type (gender, age, fitness level), it is possible to calculate the percentage of body fat, fat-free mass, hydration level, and other body composition values. If you have diarrhea, it is important to tell Dr. Kaslow, as diarrhea can affect your body fluid results. Water Retention Liposuction Extra Calories for Growth Fat Blockers Waist Measuring Miraculous Waist Reduction Daily Weigh-in Help for Non-insulin Dependent Diabetes Heart Rate and Calories Muscularity Water Content of Muscle and Fat Inaccurate Scale Essential Fatty Acid Supplements Emotional Triggers Proportional Thighs Protein-Sparing Effect Those Last Few Pounds Back to: Fat Talk! Click for: Still More Fat Talk! Cardio and Fat Burning According to the book, The Zone, I need to be breathing at a rate that makes it difficult to talk while doing aerobic exercise. Even though my loss isn’t all fat, my body fat percentage is still dropping. Does this affect the accuracy of the scale, if so how much? You can have somebody at a local health club do it, or you can follow the directions below. Take your weight on the scale and multiply it by your bodyfat percentage. I promise, it won’t affect the medical care you get while you’re alive, and you won’t miss anything when you’re gone. Here are 4 things you need to know about what really causes weight gain. Water can alter your weight by as much as 10 pounds (or more). For example, body fat contains approximately 10 percent water, while muscle is approximately 75 percent water. How Does Body Mass Affect the Cardiovascular System?

Read More